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Temple of Horus and the city of Edfu

This post is part of the collection from Classic Egypt – a trip up the Nile

Temple of Horus

The Temple of Horus at Edfu was built during the Ptolemaic period after Alexander the Great conquered Egypt. It is said that the temple was built as a sign of good will towards the Egyptians as it was built in the Ancient Egyptian style.

Unfinished cartouche, Temple of Horus, Edfu

However, it also showed some of Egypt’s past turmoil with parts of the temple remaining unfinished or otherwise damaged. The cartouches for example would have depicted the name of the Pharaoh who built the temple but was never filled in. Many of the images of the Pharaohs were also chiseled out by later occupants of the temple.

Chisled out wall of hieroglyphs, Temple of Horus, Edfu

Even so, as perhaps one of the best kept temples in Egypt, this is the place to see detailed hieroglyphs on worship rituals in Ancient Egypt. There even remains the original artifacts used in worship. And of course, there is also the most well-kept statue of Horus.

City of Edfu

To get to the Temple of Horus, you have to take a short ride on a horse-drawn carriage which takes you through the city. It’s clear from the closed shops that at the height of the tourist season in the past, this would have been a popular destination. It also appears to still be very traditional.

Men sitting, Edfu, Egypt

What I had read after my visit was that the city of Edfu was not only home to the Temple of Horus but also to a number of other archaeological sites of historical and cultural interest such as the Tell in Edfu and the Edfu Pyramid.

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